Shiloh National Military Park

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Shiloh National Cemetery
Shiloh National Cemetery

Shiloh National Military Park is a unit of the National Park Service in the town of Shiloh, about 9 miles (14 km) south of Savannah, Tennessee. An additional area of the park is located in the city of Corinth, Mississippi, 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Shiloh.

The Battle of Shiloh began a six-month struggle for the key railroad junction at Corinth. Afterwards, union forces marched from Pittsburg Landing to take Corinth in a May siege, then withstood an October Confederate counter-attack.


Shiloh battlefield

The Battle of Shiloh was one of the first major battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. The two-day battle, April 6 and April 7, 1862, involved about 65,000 Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant and Don Carlos Buell and 44,000 Confederates under Albert Sidney Johnston (killed in the battle) and P.G.T. Beauregard. The battle resulted in nearly 24,000 killed, wounded, and missing. The two days of fighting did not end in a decisive tactical victory for either side — the Union held the battlefield but failed to pursue the withdrawing Confederate forces. Strategically, however, it was a decisive defeat for the Confederate forces that had concentrated to oppose Grant's and Buell's invasion through Tennessee.

The Shiloh battlefield has within its boundaries the well preserved prehistoric Shiloh Indian Mounds (a National Historic Landmark).

The park was established on December 27, 1894; transferred from the War Department August 10, 1933. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. (Acreage — 3996.64 / Federal: 3941.64 / Nonfederal: 55)

Corinth battlefield

After the Battle of Corinth, the Union forces proceeded eventually to capture Corinth and the critical railroad junction there. On September 22, 2000, sites associated with the Corinth battlefield (see First and Second Battles of Corinth) were added to the park. Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites was designated a National Historic Landmark on May 6, 1991.

Shiloh cemetery

Shiloh National Cemetery is within the park. Union dead — 3584, of whom 2357 are unknown — reinterred in 1866. Transferred from War Dept. August 10, 1933. (Acreage — 20.09, all federal)


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