Ma'ale Adummim

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Ma'ale Adummim (מעלה אדומים; unofficially also spelled Maale Adumim) is an Israeli settlement in the Judea region of the West Bank, east of Jerusalem. It is considered by some to be a suburb of Jerusalem, mainly because most of its population works in Jerusalem. It was declared a city in 1991. It is about 50 square kilometres (19 square miles) in size. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), in 2004 the city had a total population of 28,700 ¹.

Ma'aleh Adumim is one of the largest Jewish communities in the West Bank (Judea and Samaria). It is home to the Adumim Mall as well as shopping centers. It is considered by its residents to have the feel of a major town.



According to the CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.8% Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population. There are 75 immigrant residents. See Population groups in Israel.

According to the CBS, in 2001 there were 12,700 males and 13,000 females. The population of the city was spread out with 44.1% 19 years of age or younger, 14.2% between 20 and 29, 23.1% between 30 and 44, 12.6% from 45 to 59, 2.1% from 60 to 64, and 3.9% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.3%.


According to the CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 9,965 salaried workers and 660 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 6,337, a real change of 8.9% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 8,153 (a real change of 9.0%) versus ILS 4,615 for females (a real change of 6.3%). The mean income for the self-employed is 7,098. There are 396 people who receive unemployment benefits and 388 people who receive an income guarantee.


According to the CBS, there are 14 schools and 5,793 students in the city. They are spread out as 10 elementary schools and 3,524 elementary school students, and 7 high schools and 2,269 high school students. 66.9% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.


Ma'ale Adummim is seen by Palestinians as a major threat to the territorial continuity of any future Palestinian state, given its strategic situation between the northern and southern areas of the West Bank. Its future has been a problematic issue in negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, as the Israeli government wished to retain a considerable body of undeveloped land around the settlement as part of a final status settlement.

The project, recently supported by Ariel Sharon, to link Ma'ale Adummim to Jerusalem has been criticized by the Palestinian Authority and several other parties, including US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and US President George W. Bush. [1]

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