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A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose.


Legislative assembly

Congress is a system of government.

A congress is different from a parliament (Westminster System of Government) in that legislative initiative is vested into it. In a congressional system the executive and legislative branches of government are clearly differentiated. The office as Head of State (president) and Head of Government (prime minister) are typically merged, and the members of cabinet are only rarely taken from the congress.

Countries with Congresses:

In France, the congrès is a formal and exceptional joint meeting of both houses of Parliament in order to ratify an amendment to the Constitution.

(Note, the political parties mentioned above also began as groups of this type)

Other assemblies

Many parties also have a Party Congress which is held every few years to make decisions for the party and elected governing bodies. These are sometimes called political conventions.

Scientific congresses

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference

See also

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