Daniel Boone

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Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone

Daniel Boone (November 2, 1734-September 26, 1820), was a famous United States pioneer, frontiersman and "Indian"-fighter, who blazed the "Wilderness Road" and founded Boonesborough, Kentucky (also known as Boonesboro).


Family and early life

Daniel was born to Squire Boone (November 25, 1696 - January 2, 1765) and Sarah Jarman Morgan (1700 - 1777) in Birdsboro, Pennsylvania. His father was born to a family of Quakers in Devon, England. Squire Boone immigrated to Pennsylvania in early 1713 along with his older siblings George Boone and Sarah Boone. The rest of the family joined them on September 19 (old style)/September 30 (new style), 1717.

Squire at first settled in Abington Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania but then moved to Lower Gwynedd Township, Pennsylvania. There he met Sarah Morgan, daughter to a family of Quakers from Wales. They married on October 4, 1720.

The couple eventually moved to Chalfont, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. By 1730, they were able to purchase their own 250 acres (1 km²) of land in Homestead, Pennsylvania.

Squire Boone and Sarah Morgan had a total of twelve children:

Daniel received little formal education. Although Daniel was literate, his spelling and grammar were always rather crude. He is presumed to have been trained as a farmer, blacksmith and weaver. He has been described as "an extremely calm man, with a very prominent forehead".

On December 31, 1747, Israel Boone married Mary S. Wharton, who was not herself a Quaker. The marriage was allowed by Squire Boone himself. This was a scandal for the local Quaker community, who called the Boones to repentance. However, Squire Boone continued to support the marriage. As a result, the Quakers severed ties with the Boones in 1748.

Noted activities

Squire Boone and his family left Pennsylvania in 1750, to eventually settle in Yadkin Valley of North Carolina. In 1756, Daniel married Rebecca Bryan, a neighbor in the Yadkin Valley. Daniel fathered 10 children with Rebecca. Daniel Boone fought the "Indians" and the British during the American Revolutionary War, served in the Virginia Legislature (Virginia encompassed Kentucky at that time), and explored much of the Kentucky and Tennessee wilderness regions of the American colonies. In 1769, Boone blazed the first-known trail from North Carolina to Tennessee. He spent the next two years hunting and exploring in Kentucky ("Kaintuck"), where he was captured twice by Native Americans, and escaped both times. In 1773, Boone attempted to settle in Kentucky, but an Indian attack resulted in the death of his oldest son James. Two years later, he succeeded in founding Boonesborough (near Lexington, Kentucky), the first settlement of Transylvania.

Revolutionary War Battles

During the American Revolutionary War, between the colonists of New England and the British Empire, Native Americans fought on both sides. Native American loyalties during the War generally depended upon previous loyalties and alliances, although both sides lobbied hard to win support of the "Indians". Boonesborough became the site of several battles during the War, when it was besieged at least three times over a period of months. In one of these sieges, on February 7, 1778, Daniel Boone and twenty-six companions were captured by Shawnee warriors led by Chiungalla. Continued fighting with the Shawnee and the British resulted in the loss of Daniel's second-oldest son, Israel during one of the last battles of the American Revolutionary War, the disastrous Battle of Blue Licks.

Re-Settlement and Death

Boone lost most of his land claims in Kentucky due to "faulty" titles. Taxes and creditors forced him out of Kentucky, and in 1788 Boone settled at Point Pleasant on the Ohio River, in what is now West Virginia. His son, Daniel Morgan Boone met with the Spanish lieutenant-governor Don Z.Trudeau in 1798, and was invited to settle the Boone family in Missouri. Two years later, Boone was appointed "syndic" (judge and jury) and commandant of the Femme Osage region. Rebecca Boone died in 1813, and Daniel Boone died at his home in Defiance, Missouri.


It has been reported that Daniel Boone was interred in Missouri, but that his bones and those of his wife were moved to Frankfort, Kentucky in 1845.

Several places claim to be the burial site of Daniel Boone. Among these are:


Many anecdotes of Boone folklore are recorded:

  • In spite of popular movies, he did NOT wear a coonskin hat, but preferred a tall black felt one. He likely wore buckskin clothes, with fringed-leather trim.
  • Daniel Boone reportedly shot a bear, carving his name in a tree to commemorate the event: "Dan'l Boone kilt a bar".
  • He never admitted to being lost; however, he once reported that he was "confused for several weeks."
  • He was captured by Chief Black Fish of the Shawnee; but escaped, when he learned of a British and Indian plot to attack Boonesborough.
  • He rallied the settlers and successfully repelled a 10-day siege of Boonesborough.
  • While courting Rebecca, Daniel Boone tore her dress at a picnic (to see how she would react). To this, she calmly asked, "Why did you do that?", proving her unflappability; a desirable characteristic of a frontier wife.

The publication of The Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boon in 1784 by John Filson immortalized Boone the frontiersman as an American "legend", and a true folk hero.

Daniel Boone was the hero of a popular television show during the 1960s and 1970s, starring Fess Parker as Boone, and the singer/actor Ed Ames as Boone's "Indian" friend, "Mingo".

The name "Daniel Boone" was used by a UK pop singer during the early 1970s, recording on Penny Farthing Records, and achieving a world-wide hit with "Hi, Hi, Hi, Beautiful Sunday."



He is an alleged eighth-generation descedant of Sir John de Bohun III (born ca. 1433) and his wife Avelina de Ros, daughter of Robert de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros and Isabel D'Albini.

He is an alleged seventh-generation descedant of an elder Geoffrey Bohn (1450 - May 7, 1472) and his wife, Petrolina de Arderne.

He is an alleged sixth-generation descedant of Geoffrey Bohn II (1471 - 1530) and Anne Magerly, daughter of Piers Magerly.

He is considered a probable fifth-generation descedant of Gregory Bohun (1517 - 1589) and Constance Comyn. Gregory was born in Gwynned, and was reportedly vassal to an Earl of Devon.

His paternal great-great-grandparents were George Boone I (c. 1625 - 1701 and Ann Fallace (c. 1615 - 1709). Ann was daughter to a Walter Fallace. George has been suggested as a descedant of the Bohun family.

His paternal great-grandparents were George Boone II (November 17, 1646 - 1706) and Sarah Mary Uppey (c. 1640 - 1720). George II was a blacksmith.

His paternal grandparents were George Boone III (1666 - 1744) and Mary Milton Maugridge (1669 - 1740). They were parents to nine children. George III was a weaver.


His alleged maternal great-great-grandfather Edward Morgan, 2nd Baronet Of Llantarnam was son to William Morgan, 1st Baronet Of Llantarnam and Lady Frances Somerset, a reported third daughter of Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester and Elizabeth Hastings.

His alleged maternal great-grandfather James Morgan, 4th Baronet Of Llantarnam, was son to Edward Morgan, 2nd Baronet of Llantarnam (1562 - June 24, 1653) and Mary Dorothy Englefield, daughter of Sir Francis Englefield, Bart., and Jane Browne.

His maternal grandparents were Edward Morgan and Elizabeth Jarman. Edward has been suspected as a (probably illegitimate) son of Sir James Morgan, 4th Baronet Of Llantarnam. Sir James is otherwise known to have died with no legitimate descedants. His title became forfeit following his death. Elizabeth was probably daughter to John Jarman, a Welsh Quaker and early settler of Pennsylvania.

The disproof of this line has been accepted by The Genealogist for publication. The parentage of Edward Morgan, Daniel's grandfather, remains unknown.

External links

See also


  • Sparke's, American Biography, (New York, 1856)
  • R. G. Thwaites wrote a biography of Boone, (New York, 1902)
  • Steve Rajtar's "Indian War Sites" (McFarland and Co., Inc., 1999)
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