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Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. Karaikal is located in a small coastal enclave of territory which was formerly part of French India, and, together with the former French coastal enclaves of Pondichery, Yanam, and Mahé, forms the Union Territory of Pondichery. Karaikal is bounded on the North, West, and South by Tamil Nadu state, and on the East by the Bay of Bengal.

Located 132 km south of the city of Pondicherry, Karaikal is known for its rich religious heritage, and is the destination for those who seek and solicit leisure, serenity and piety.


On the 26 th of December 2004 , Karaikal faced its worst tragedy. Tsunami waves hit this coastal town in India. More than 500 people, mostly fishermen families were washed away by the killer waves.

The town can boast of a harmonious society comprising of hindus, muslims , christians and people of other indian languages. The earlier generation knows French language too.

The town also has the offices of Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC), which explores, produces and supplies oil & natural gas. The economy of this town remains now linked to the ONGC.

The calm beaches of Karaikal, the temples of Sani, Shiva in Tirunallar, the Shrine Basicilica in Velankanni, the Nagore Darga for muslims and countless ancient hindu temples are the places of visit for tourists. Places of interests are:

Our Lady of Angels, Karaikal Ammaiyar Temple, The Dargah of Mastan Syed Dawood, Badrakaliyamman Temple - Ambagarathur, Lord Darbaranyeswarar Temple - Thirunallar, Ayiramkaliyamman Temple - Tirumalairayanpattianam, Nagore Andavar Dargah - Nagore, Annai Velankanni Church - Velankanni

See also

edit Former French colonies, protectorate and possessions
Alaouites | Alexandretta | Algeria | Anjouan | Djibouti | France Antarctique | French Equatorial Africa (Chad, Gabon, Middle Congo, Oubangui-Chari) | French India (Chandernagore, Coromandel Coast, Malabar, Mahe, Pondichery, Karikal, Yanaon) | French Indochina (Annam, Cochinchina, Kampuchea, Laos, Tonkin) | French Togoland | French West Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Dahomey, French Sudan, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta) | Inini | Kwang-Chou-Wan | Madagascar | New France (Acadia, Louisiana, Québec, Terre Neuve) | Saint-Domingue | Tunisia | Vanuatu
French colonisation of the Americas
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