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It has been suggested that Textile manufacturing be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)

This article is about the type of material. Textile is also a jargon term used by naturists or nudists to describe a person who wears clothes. Textile is also a kind of ReStructured Text.

A textile is any type of material made from fibers or other extended linear materials such as thread or yarn (1). Classes of textiles include woven, crochet, knitted, knotted (as in macrame) or tufted cloth, and non-woven fabrics such as felt. Materials such as fiberglass, which are made from fibers dispersed in a matrix of another material are considered composite materials rather than textiles.

The production of textiles is an ancient craft, whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques. However, a Roman weaver would have no problem recognizing modern plain weave, twill or satin.

Many textiles have been in use for millennia, while others use artificial fibers and are recent inventions. The range of fibers has increased in the last 100 years. The first synthetics were made in the 1920s and 1930s.


Sources and types

Textiles can be made from a variety of materials. The following is a partial list of the materials that can be used to make textiles.

Animal origin


Derived from plant products



Production methods


  • Carding
  • Bleaching – where the natural or original colour of the textile is removed by chemicals or exposure to sunlight.
  • Dyeing – adding colour to textiles: there is a vast range of dyes, natural and synthetic, some of which require mordants.
  • Printing
  • Embroidery – threads which are added to the surface of a finished textile for ornamentation.
  • Starching
  • Waterproofing and other finishings.


Textiles have been used in almost every possible context where their properties are useful. In cleaning

See also

External links


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