Tyrrhenian Sea

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Tyrrhenian Sea.
Tyrrhenian Sea.

The Tyrrhenian Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea off of the western coast of Italy.

It is bounded by Corsica and Sardinia (west) Liguria (north), Tuscany, Latium, Campania, and Calabria (east), and Sicily (south).

The maximum depth is 3785 m.

The Tyrrhenian Sea is situated near the African-European Fault; therefore mountain chain and active volcanoes (mount Marsilii) are in its depths. Winds are Mistral from Rhone valley, Libeccio from south-west, Scirocco and Ostro from south.

There are five exits from the Tyrrhenian Sea:

In Greek history, it is believed that the cliffs above the Tyrrhenian Sea housed the four winds kept by Aeolus.

The name for this part of the Mediterranean Sea derives from the Greek name for the Etruscans, who were emigrants from Lydia and led by the prince Tyrrhenus. The Etruscans settled along the coast of modern Tuscany and referred to the water as the "Sea of the Etruscans".

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