Legislative Assembly

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This article is about the term as used within the Commonwealth of Nations; there is also an Legislative Assembly in Oregon and there used to be a Legislative Assembly in France during the French Revolution.

A Legislative Assembly in British constitutional thought is the second-to-top or third-to-top tier of a government led by a Governor-General, Governor or a Lieutenant-Governor, inferior to an Executive Council and equal to or inferior to a Legislative Council. Though the Legislative Council should in theory operate as a legislature of a governorate (not necessarily a colony) with elected members, the separate development of governments in the British Empire and Commonwealth has seen the Councils evolve.

Politicians elected to a Legislative Assembly are usually referred to as a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), although there are some exceptions. In the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador members have assumed different historical titled, such as Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP, Ontario), Member of the National Assembly (MNA, Quebec, see Quebec Nationalism) and Member of the House of Assembly (MHA, Newfoundland and Labrador).

Where the Legislative Assembly functions purely as a legislature

Where the Legislative Assembly has assumed extra functions

Usually in this case the Legislative Assembly functioned as an Lower House or first chamber of a bicameral legislature operating under the Westminster System. The superior chamber or Upper House is sometimes the Legislative Council. This development is often seen when the governorates gain more responsible government.

See also

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