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For other uses, see Navarre (disambiguation).
Comunidad Foral de
Navarra / Nafarroako
Foru Komunitatea
Image:Locator map of Navarre.png
Capital Pamplona/Iruña
Official languages Castilian;
Basque co-official in some areas
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 11th
 10 391 km²
 – Total (2003)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 15th
 569 628
 – English
 – Spanish
 – Basque

Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982
ISO 3166-2 NA

 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats
President Miguel Sanz Sesma (UPN)
Gobierno de Navarra

Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community and province of Spain. Its official Spanish-language name is Comunidad Foral de Navarra (for an explanation of foral, see fuero).



It is bordered on the west by the autonomous communities of the Basque Country (the provinces of Bizkaia (Vizcaya), Guipúzcoa and Álava), on the south by La Rioja, on the east Aragonese provinces of Zaragoza/Saragossa, Teruel and Huesca, and on the north by the countryFrance.

There are 272 municipalities in Navarre. See List of municipalities in Navarre. One-third of the population lives in the capital, Pamplona (Basque Iruñea or Iruña).

People and culture

Navarre is a mixture of the Basque influence from the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean influences coming from the Ebro. The Ebro valley is amenable to wheat, vegetables, wine, and even olive trees, as in Aragon and la Rioja. It was occupied by the Roman Empire and later the taifa kingdom of Tudela. During the Reconquista, the Northerners extended southwards. In the Middle Ages, Pamplona was a crossroads for Basques, Gascons from beyond the Pyrenees and Romance speakers.

The Basque language has been losing ground for centuries. Often feelings of "Basqueness" are linked to use of the language. For example, a person from a place where Basque was lost decades ago might say that they are not Basque, but that their grandfather was. Feelings of Basqueness often are carried onto politics with Basque nationalism being stronger in the North, either within Navarrese branches of Basque parties like Batasuna, or as homegrown movements like Batzarre. Among the parties that downplay links to the Basque Country, there are local branches of Spanish parties such as the PSOE, as well as local movements such as Convergencia de Demócratas Navarros.


For a fuller account of the history of Navarre, see Kingdom of Navarre.

See also

Autonomous Communities of Spain Flag of Spain
Andalusia | Aragon | Asturias | Balearic Islands | Basque Country | Canary Islands | Cantabria | Castile–La Mancha | Castile–Leon | Catalonia | Extremadura | Galicia | Madrid | Murcia | Navarre | La Rioja | Valencia | Ceuta | Melilla | Plazas de soberanía

Provinces of Spain
Flag of Spain
Álava/Araba | Albacete | Alicante/Alacant | Almería | Asturias | Ávila | Badajoz | Barcelona | Burgos | Cáceres | Cádiz | Cantabria | Castellón/Castelló | Ceuta | Ciudad Real | Córdoba | Cuenca | Gerona/Girona | Granada | Guadalajara | Guipúzcoa/Gipuzkoa | Huelva | Huesca | Jaén | La Coruña/A Coruña | La Rioja | Las Palmas | León | Lérida/Lleida | Lugo | Madrid | Málaga | Melilla | Murcia | Navarra/Nafarroa | Orense/Ourense | Palencia | Palma de Mallorca | Pontevedra | Salamanca | Santa Cruz de Tenerife | Segovia | Sevilla | Soria | Tarragona | Teruel | Toledo | Valencia/València | Valladolid | Vizcaya/Bizkaia | Zamora | Zaragoza
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