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For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation).
Regione Piemonte
Capital Turin
President Mercedes Bresso
(The Union)
Provinces Alessandria
Municipalities 1,206
Area 25,400 km²
 - Ranked 2nd (8.4 %)
Population (2003 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density

6th (7.4 %)
Image:Italy Regions Piedmont 220px.png
Map highlighting the location of Piedmont in Italy

Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. It has an area of 25,400 km2 and a population of est. 4.2 million. Its capital is Turin.

Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps mountain range, including the Monviso, where the Po River rises, and Monte Rosa. It borders with France, Switzerland, and the Italian regions of Lombardy, Liguria, Emilia Romagna and Valle d'Aosta.

Lowland Piedmont is a fertile agricultural region, producing wheat, rice, maize and grapes. The region also contains major industrial centres, notably Turin, home to the FIAT automobile works.

In 1046, the counts of the House of Savoy added Piedmont to their main territory of Savoy, with a capital at Chambéry (now in France). The House of Savoy was elevated to a duchy in 1416, and Duke Emanuele Filiberto moved the seat to Turin in 1563. (The dukes were also kings of Sardinia starting in 1720.) Piedmont was the springboard for Italy's unification in 1859-1861, following earlier unsuccessful wars against Austria in 1820-1821 and 1848-1849.

A "piedmont" (piemonte in Italian) is a foothill, and "piedmont" has become a generic designation for foothill regions in geography.

Piedmont is one of the great winegrowing regions in Italy. More than half of its 700 km² (170,000 acres) of vineyards are registered with DOC designations. It produces wines of renowned depth such as the famed Barbera, Barolo and Barbaresco, as well as the more approachable Dolcetto.

The main cities of the Piedmont region are the provincial capitals (Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Cuneo, Novara, Vercelli, Verbania, Torino, Moncalieri and Rivoli).


See also

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Regions of Italy Flag of Italy
Abruzzo | Basilicata | Calabria | Campania | Emilia-Romagna | Latium | Liguria | Lombardy | Marche | Molise | Piedmont | Apulia | Tuscany | Umbria | Veneto
Friuli-Venezia Giulia | Sardinia | Sicily | Trentino-South Tyrol | Aosta Valley
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