Upper Midwest

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Upper Midwest

Position in US of (red) core states and (pink) less definitely associated ones.

The Upper Midwest is a region of the United States with no universally agreed-upon boundary, but it almost always lies within the US Census Bureau's definition of the Midwest and includes the states of Minnesota and Wisconsin, as well as at least the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

The Upper Midwest often includes the rest of Michigan, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, and sometimes extends further southwest to include Missouri, east to Ohio, and sometimes west to North, South Dakota, and eastern Montana.

Many call it the part of the Midwest that is not included in the Rust Belt, and north of Chicagoland.

According the to 2000 US Census, the core states of Minnesota, Michigan, Illinios, Wisconsin, and Indiana total 39,460,846 people and 282,175 square miles of land. Including the other states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, and Ohio the region contains 60,943,336 people and 582,739 square miles of land. In round numbers, the core states have the same area as France, and the expanded region has the population of France.


AIRUM definition

The Association for Institutional Research in the Upper Midwest defines the region as including the states of Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

Library of Congress definition

According to the Library of Congress, the area is a region of the United States that comprised the old Northwest Territory which includes the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.

NWS definition

The National Weather Service defines the Upper Midwest as the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin.

US Geological Survey definitions

The United States Geological Survey has at least two definitions of the Upper Midwest:

Summary chart

Versions of "the Upper Midwest"
States included by: AIRUM LOC NWS GS ESC GS MRP Total Votes
MO 1
OH 2
IN 4
MI (UP only) 4.5
WI 4
IL 4
MN 4
IA 3
SD 1
ND 1

Geographic regions of the United States
Central | Coastal States | Deep South | East | East Coast | Gulf Coast | Mid-Atlantic | Midwest
Mountain States | New England | North | Northeast | Northwest | Pacific | South | South Atlantic
South Central | Southeast | Southwest | Upper Midwest | West | West Coast
Multinational regions: Border States | Great Lakes | Great Plains | Pacific Northwest

External links

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