New Delhi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Jump to: navigation, search
It is requested that this article (or a section of this article) be expanded.

Please remove this notice after the article has been expanded.
Details are elsewhere on this talk page or at Wikipedia:Requests for expansion.

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality.
This article has been tagged since October 2005.
See Wikipedia:How to edit a page and Category:Wikipedia help for help, or this article's talk page.

New Delhi
Location of New Delhi
Location 0.0° N 0.0° E
Union territory National capital territory
District New Delhi
Mayor Asha Ram Verma
Altitude 216 metres
Area 42.7 km²
Population (2001) 294,783
Density 6904/km²
  • Postal
  • Telephone
  • Vehicle
110 xxx
Time zone IST (UTC +5:30)
This article is about the urban region which is the capital of India. For the metropolis see Delhi.

New Delhi ( नई दिल्ली ) is the capital of India, and is part of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.



Please see the History section of the Delhi page for more background and ancient history.

Capital of the Raj

Calcutta was the historic centre of the British presence in India, and effectively the capital of the British East India Company. However, Delhi had been the historic capital of much of the subcontinent for long historic periods. In particular, it had been the most recent capital of the Mughals. There remained an association with Imperial grandeur that the British Raj tried to use by holding several durbars for the Viceroy and visiting Royalty. In 1911, at one of the Durbars, the announcement was made that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.

India Gate monument
India Gate monument

New Delhi was laid out to the south of the older city constructed by Shah Jahan, which is now often referred to as Old Delhi. However, New Delhi overlays many of the previous cities constructed there; hence it includes many monuments of previous cities, and constructions.

Much of New Delhi was planned by Sir Edwin Lutyens, who laid out a grandiose central administrative area as a testament to British imperial pretensions. Rajpath - then Kingsway- stretched from the War Memorial - now India Gate to the Viceregal Palace- Rashtrapati Bhavan atop Raisina Hill. In its scale, extravagance and magnificence, it was not unlike Washington, or Haussmann and his patron Napoleon III's Paris, both cities designed to awe the newcomer with the power of the central State. Tucked away are other clues to the worldview of the designers; Herbert Baker's Parliament House is barely visible from Rajpath, as deliberative democracy was not a central part of the United Kingdom's plans for India; in fact, the main entrance to the Central Secretariat North Block declares "Liberty does not descend to a people; they must raise themselves to it."

Recently, on 29 October 2005 subjected to terrorist attacks, with three bombs shaking the crowded market places. At least 61 have been killed so far. (See 29 October 2005 New Delhi Bombing.)

Independent India and Autonomy

After Independence a limited autonomy was conferred on the capital but it largely remained a chief commissioners regime. In 1956 Delhi was converted into a Union territory and gradually the chief commissioner was replaced by a Lieutenant Governor. In 1991, the National Capital Territory Act was passed by the parliament and a system of diarchy was introduced under which, the elected Government was given wide powers; except law and order which remained with the Central Government. The actual enforcement of the legislation came in 1993.


As of 2005, the government structure of the New Delhi Municipal Council includes a chairperson, three members of New Delhi's Legislative Assembly, two members nominated by the Chief Minister of New Delhi and five members nominated by the central government. The current Chief Minister is Sheila Dikshit.

Tourist Attractions

Main article: Tourist Attractions in Delhi

Delhi is a spacious, open city that houses many government buildings and embassies, apart from places of historical interest. Notable attractions in New Delhi include the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the one-time imperial residence of the British viceroys; the India Gate, a memorial raised in honour of the Indian soldiers martyred during the Afghan war; the Laxminarayan Temple, built by the Birlas, one of India's leading industrial families; Humayun's Tomb; the Purana Quila, built by Humayun, with later-day modifications by Sher Shah Suri; Tughlaqabad, Delhi's most colossal and awesome fort; Qutab Minar, built by Qutb-ud-din Aybak of the Slave Dynasty; and the lotus-shaped Bahá'í House of Worship.

See also

External links

Indian metropolitan cities

State and Union Territory capitals of India

AgartalaAizawlBangaloreBhopalBhubaneswarChandigarhChennai (Madras) • DamanDehradunDelhiDispurGandhinagarGangtokHyderabadImphalItanagarJaipurKavarattiKohimaKolkata (Calcutta) • LucknowMumbai (Bombay) • PanajiPatnaPondicherryPort BlairRaipurRanchiShillongShimlaSilvassaSrinagarThiruvananthapuram

Personal tools