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Cable News Network (CNN) is a cable television network that was founded in 1980 by Ted Turner & Reese Schonfeld [1] [2] (although the latter is not currently recognized in CNN's official history). It is a division of the Turner Broadcasting System, owned by Time Warner. CNN is widely credited for introducing the concept of 24-hour news coverage. It celebrated its 25th anniversary on June 1, 2005.

As of December 2004, it is available in 88.2 million U.S. households and more than 890,000 U.S. hotel rooms, and it broadcasts primarily from its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta and from studios in New York City and Washington, DC. Globally, the network has combined branded networks and services that are available to more than 1.5 billion people in over 212 countries and territories. CNN is the most watched 24 Hour News Network in the world.



CNN Covering September 11 attacks
CNN Covering September 11 attacks
CNN Iraq war coverage
CNN Iraq war coverage

Since CNN's launch on June 1, 1980, the network has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite television networks (such as CNN Headline News), 12 web sites, two private place-based networks (such as CNN Airport Network), and two radio networks. The network has 42 bureaus around the world and more than 900 affiliates worldwide. CNN has launched many regional and foreign-language networks around the world. CNN debuted its news website (then referred to as CNN Interactive) on August 30, 1995, which it describes as the first major news and information website on the Internet.

CNN's global reputation was greatly enhanced in 1991 during the Gulf War, where its saturation coverage was carried around the world. It obtained much of that coverage through close cooperation with the U.S. government, which led to accusations that it did not attempt to investigate the claims of the U.S. government during the war. There was a television movie, Live from Baghdad, about the network's coverage of the war.

CNN International now provides regional editions of its news service, in response to foreign demand for less U.S.-centric news coverage, and also rival services such as BBC World and Sky News. It uses local reporters in many of its news-gathering centers, though they cover stories from an international (some would still say U.S.) perspective.

On September 11, 2001, CNN was the first network to break news of what would prove to be the September 11 attacks. Anchor Carol Lin was on the air at that time. In fact, as a result of the large amount of news on that day, CNN began running a news ticker, now standard in most broadcasts.

CNN launched two specialty news channels for the American market which would later close amid competitive pressure: CNNSI shut down in 2002, and CNNfn shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004.

CNN has also been parodied. See for instance, Groland and CNNNN. Many movies outside of the Turner Broadcasting Network also mention CNN in their storylines. Ted Turner doesn't mind as long as they don't use CNN for promotional purposes or for malicious use.

The most famous station ID is a five-second musical jingle with James Earl Jones' simple, but classic line, "This is CNN." Jones' voice can still be heard today in updated station IDs.


The current President of CNN U.S. is Jonathan Klein. He was appointed in November 2004.

CNN shows

Current CNN shows

Former CNN shows

CNN specialized channels

CNN personalities



Controversies and Allegations of Bias

CNN has come under criticism by conservatives for alleged liberal bias. Critics have claimed that CNN's reporting contains liberal editorializing within news stories, and have jokingly referred to CNN as the "Clinton News Network," the "Communist News Network," or "Clearly Not Neutral". Conservatives point to the following as evidence of the alleged bias:

  • After the Re-Election of U.S President George W. Bush in 2004, CNN's website had pictures of George W. Bush uploaded as "Asshole.jpg". People who tried to save the image onto their harddrive would be prompted to save it under that title.
  • During the first Gulf War, CNN reporters Bernard Shaw, Peter Arnett, and John Holliman refused to be debriefed by the U.S. military concerning what they saw during their stay at the Al-Rashid Hotel in Baghdad during the initiation of the air campaign, citing themselves as belonging to an "international" news organization and stating it would compromise their journalistic principles. [3] [4]
  • On August 16, 1997, Chief News Executive Eason Jordan gave a gift to North Korean leader Kim Jong-il in an attempt to improve CNN's access to North Korean affairs. [5] (Jordan had been credited in 1996 with gaining exclusive access to North Korea for CNN reporters.)
  • In January 1998, Lucia Newman [6], the bureau chief in Havana reported that Cuba's single candidate elections were better than the elections with "no dubious campaign spending" and "no mud slinging" in the United States.
  • In 1999, CNN, in partnership with corporate sister Time magazine, ran a report that Operation Tailwind included use of Sarin gas to kill a group of defectors from the United States military. The story proved untrue, CNN said after a hurried two-week inquiry into the contents of the program, issued a public retraction. [7] and The story's producers, April Oliver and Jack Smith, were summarily sacked.
  • In 2000, Lou Dobbs left CNN, reportedly due to heated clashes with then-president Rick Kaplan, who was frequently accused by conservatives of allegedly manipulating news programs to present a liberal slant. Dobbs returned the following year at the behest of CNN founder Ted Turner.
  • In November 2004 at the News Xchange conference in Portugal, Eason Jordan claimed that United States armed forces were arresting and torturing non-coalition Arabic journalists in Iraq. He also claimed that American troops were intentionally killing these journalists. [8] Also at the conference, Chris Cramer, a CNN executive, claimed that journalists were being "deliberately targeted (by the US military) for seeking out the truth." That month, al-Arabiya reporter Abdel Kader al-Saadi had been detained by U.S. forces for 11 days during U.S.-led attacks on Fallujah without comment on cause for his dentention. [9]
  • On January 27, 2005 Eason Jordan claimed 12 journalists who were killed were actually targeted by United States troops. He resigned from CNN on February 11, 2005 in an effort, he claimed, to spare the network from further controversy. Jordan's comments provoked minor controversy in the US, even among such liberal politicians as Sen. Christopher Dodd and Rep. Barney Frank.
  • On March 24, 2005 in an interview with PBS's Charlie Rose, CNN President Jonathan Klein called Fox News Channel's audience "mostly angry white men [who] … tend to be rabid." Klein then said a liberal, progressive TV network would never be as successful as Fox because "progressives don't get too worked up about anything. And they're pretty morally relativistic."
  • On the September 1, 2005 edition of the show The Situation Room, host Wolf Blitzer described the Hurricane Katrina victims wading through the flooded streets of New Orleans as such: "… so many of these people, almost all of them that we see, are so poor and they are so black…" [10].

CNN Bureaus within United States

Boldface indicate that they are CNN's original bureaus, meaning they have been in operation since the network's first day.

CNN Bureaus outside United States

Boldface indicate that they are CNN's original bureaus, meaning they have been in operation since the network's first day.

Similar networks

The CNN format has "inspired" many similar cable news services:

External links

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